How to Prune Tomato Plants for Maximum Yield
Pruning is an important step in a plant’s life cycle that can help maximize yield. When done correctly, it will encourage new growth and increase fruit production by 60-80%.
Pruning tomato plants will provide them with a break from all the stress that they need to produce fruit and vegetables. To give them a break from stress, you should do it during the winter season because tomato plant has slower growth rate in wintertime and also less exposure to sunlight due to shorter days
Here are some tips for how to prune your tomatoes: make sure you remove all dead leaves and flowers, gently pinch off new growth at the stem, remove any stem tips that are too long, and thin out plantings by removing any shoots from one branch back into the main plant.
Here’s a guide on how to cut back tomato plants in 3 easy steps.
First, remove any old flowers or leaves from the plant by cutting them off with scissors or clippers. These will start growing again if you don't remove them right away.
Cut back all the stems that are taller than they should be - about 12-18 inches - from the main stem using pruners or snips
Repeat step two every few weeks until you have thinned the canopy and there are no long stems that are touching the soil
When to prune tomato plants
The key times of year to prune a tomato plant are late winter, mid-spring, and early fall. You can also take out any suckers or side branches. They will grow back in time for next season’s crop!
In fact, it’s never a bad idea to prune a tomato plant right after you water it. That way you don’t have to worry about what’s going on inside of the plant getting too dry before you do your pruning. This will help make sure that your tomato plants grow back quickly and fruit abundantly for you next season.
As for timing for when to stop watering your plants - this is usually around July or August depending on how hot and dry it gets during the summertime here in southern California.
Indeterminate tomatoes vs determinate tomatoes
There is a difference between two types of tomatoes: determinate and indeterminate.
The distinction between indeterminate and determinate tomatoes is the difference in how they grow. Indeterminate tomatoes will continue to grow no matter how much space they are given, while determinate tomatoes stop growing once they reach a certain point.
Indeterminate tomatoes are harvested while they are still immature, which means they continue to grow and can continue to produce fruit for a longer period. This is useful for farmers as it allows them to produce higher yields.
Determinate tomatoes, on the other hand, are harvested while they are fully developed. So once the fruit has been harvested, it will stop producing new fruits and will never grow again. Determinate tomatoes also have more cylindrical shapes than indeterminate tomatoes.
Determinate tomatoes are also referred to as bush or semi-upright types of tomatoes. They are grown in a plant container that has an open-top, allowing shoots and flowers to extend from the tomato plant throughout the entire height of the container.