Types of Soil for Gardening & Maintaining its PH Levels
There are many different types of soil for gardening. Each type has its own benefits and disadvantages, but all are used for the same basic purpose - to provide nutrients to plants through minerals. The most common types of soil are potting soil, garden soil, peat moss, composted manure, vermiculite
Potting soils are usually made from a mixture of organic matter and inorganic matter with added fertilizers. They are available in either bagged or bulk form.
Garden soils have more clay content than potting soils and contain more nutrients that will be released over time.
Peat moss is also an organic-based soil that contains high amounts of natural plant hormones which help plants grow faster because it insulates the root system.
Composted manure is relatively similar to garden soil except it is usually much richer in nutrients. Composting manure not only breaks down the waste material but also kills many of the pathogens that may be present in traditional animal wastes such as bacteria, viruses, and parasites. The result is a relatively sterile material that is similar to garden soil in composition.
Maintaining Soil PH Levels
The best pH levels for soil is 6.5 - 7.0, since it keeps the soil from becoming too acidic or alkaline. To check for your soil’s PH levels, you can get a digital meter for accurate measurements.
When the PH levels are too acidic, there are a few things that you can try to maintain the ideal ph levels in your soil. You can use a product called “Miracle-Gro” which contains a wetting agent and nutrients.
When the PH levels are too alkaline, increase the acidity level of your soil by adding coffee grounds to the top layer of soil. Coffee grounds have a lot of acid in them and they will break down into organic matter which is great for maintaining the ph levels in your soil.